Pomeranians seem like they would be classed as hypoallergenic dogs along with pups like the Bichon Frise and the Maltese. However, the opposite is true. Pomeranian dogs are not hypoallergenic and can often cause quite a few problems for those who suffer from dog allergies.
This article breaks down the real meaning of the term “hypoallergenic” and what causes those pesky dog allergies. Then, we dig deeper into the Pomeranian’s fluffy coat and how you can deal with a dog allergy if you are determined to own one of these dogs.
What Does Hypoallergenic Mean?
Hypoallergenic is a term that was first brought about by the textile and cosmetics industry to describe products that are unlikely to bring about an allergic reaction. But every person’s immune system is dramatically different, and someone can have an allergic reaction to anything. There are even people allergic to water, one of life’s necessities.
All that said, no dog is entirely hypoallergenic. Dogs that have earned the moniker of being hypoallergenic are simply less likely to cause those allergic reactions typically associated with a dog allergy. It does not qualify them as a breed guaranteed to not trigger any reaction.
If you know that you are allergic to most dogs, even hypoallergenic dogs might be impossible for you to keep. Try being around the breed that you intend to adopt, petting them, or snuggling with them, if possible, to get an idea of how having them around your house will affect you.
What Causes a Dog Allergy?
Dog allergies are caused by multiple triggers and create different reactions. Some people get a simple but irritating runny nose, and their eyes start to redden. For others, it can cause a deep cough and even facial pain. Incessant sneezing is also a symptom of a dog allergy.
The typical trigger for a dog allergy is dander, not dog hair, as many people believe.
Dander on dogs is similar to human dandruff. It is the tiny pieces of dead skin that flake off a dog during the day. They are usually microscopic and go undetected as they fall all over the carpet, couch, bed, and clothes, meaning it is challenging to escape them if you have an allergy.
Pet dander can come from birds, cats, horses, and even rodents.
Are Pomeranians Hypoallergenic? Why Not?
Pomeranians do not fall under the category of being hypoallergenic. They shed plenty of dander that triggers significant allergic reactions for anyone with dog allergies.
Do Pomeranians Shed A Lot?
One of the reasons that dogs who shed a lot are more likely to cause allergies is because dander is often transported and shed throughout the house on their loose hairs. Dogs that don’t shed much will still have dander, but they won’t spread it around as much or it will stay in the brush that you use on them.
Pomeranians not only shed plenty of dander, but they also shed significant amounts of fur. They are a fluffy dog with a thick double coat that covers their entire body. While this coat makes them so adorable and sought-after by many dog owners, it is also the downfall of those with dog allergies.
Pomeranians also blow their coats twice a year, typically in the spring and the fall with the change of the seasons. This happens for almost all dogs with a double coat because they switch from their thicker winter coat to a cool summer one or vice versa.
You might have seen pictures of other Spitz breeds, like a Siberian Husky or a Malamute, surrounded in piles of their fur without having been shaved. Although a Pomeranian’s little body can’t produce quite that much, they still shed significantly more during these times of the year.
The 5 Tips to Deal with a Dog Allergy
For some people, owning a Pomeranian is worth the potential nasal congestion and watery eyes they might get. If you fall into this category, you can do plenty of things to lessen the symptoms that you experience because of dog allergies.
1. Get them a bed
Pomeranians are commonly thought of as lapdogs. While you might love snuggling with these cuddly little companions, your allergies won’t. Instead, try getting them their own bed and teaching them to use that instead of lying across your furniture.
This addition also helps you have better control of any situation in which they are on the furniture. Generally, these little pooches are not big enough to get up that high on their own, but if they can, you could unknowingly lay your face down on a dander-filled couch and come up with a scratchy face.
2. Groom them every day
The fewer hairs they shed around the house, the less dander will spread with them. Grooming your Pomeranian every day also helps prevent tangles and mats, since their coat is particularly prone to forming knots.
If you find that you are still struggling with allergies, try using one of our favorite shampoos for Pomeranians and bathing them each week to reduce the dander even more.
3. Invest in a HEPA filter
HEPA filters are high-efficiency particulate air filters. They have been around for over 80 years and help siphon out allergens like pollen and dander that float about in the air, especially in our homes, where we don’t usually get great ventilation.
A HEPA filter is recommended for those with a dog and dog allergies because they are highly effective at grabbing any size particle. They can even capture certain viruses.
If you notice places in your home where you struggle more with allergies, put HEPA filters there.
4. Keep them out of your bedroom
Keeping your pup out of your bedroom completely is another good way to reduce the effect of your allergies. Bedrooms are typically filled with furniture and carpet, and any fabric holds onto particles like dander, getting them ingrained and making it difficult to clean.
To avoid this, keep your bedrooms as an off-limits portion of the house. Since you are in there for so much longer than any other room, it will cause exponentially more problems to have dander floating about at night.
5. Wash your hands and avoid your face
This tip is easier if you have a family that can help watch your dog. As soon as you pet or handle them, wash your hands or avoid touching your face until you can do so. For most people, allergy symptoms affect the area around their eyes and nose the most. Avoid touching these areas to lessen the symptoms.
If after trying all of these to no avail, you can always consider using medication. There are plenty of doctors who work with people with dog allergies and can help prescribe medication to make it easier to own a dog.
Whether you decide to own a Pomeranian while you have dog allergies or not, it is still good to know that they are not hypoallergenic and require plenty of care to stay practically dander-free.
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