The short answer about whether dogs can—or should—eat rice is yes, dogs can eat rice, but with a few caveats. If you look at the ingredients in many commercial dog foods, you’ll often find rice or rice flour as a carbohydrate source. It’s also a major component of prescription diets, especially for pets with digestive issues or allergies.
Benefits of Rice
Your veterinarian may suggest giving your pooch boiled chicken with rice if they’ve had a bout of GI distress. It’s essential that it is bland and prepared with water and nothing else. The food is easily digestible and won’t upset your dog’s sensitive system. It’s an excellent way to transition them back to dog food after withholding it while they recover.
However, when it comes to an upset stomach, you should use white rice instead of brown. That may seem counterintuitive from a nutritional perspective. After all, brown rice has complex carbohydrates and more vitamins and minerals because it has minimal processing. Unfortunately, that’s the problem if you’re giving it to help settle your pup’s stomach, as it’s more difficult to digest.
Think of what you want to eat or drink after getting sick. Foods like bland rice and chicken broth are going to sound good and go down a lot better than a greasy hamburger. It’s the same with your pet.
Nutritional Value of Rice
The main component of white rice is its carb content at 50 grams per 1 cup serving. Proteins come in at only 4 grams per cup. For this purpose, a cup contains 186 grams (6.5 oz). It does have a decent lineup of some of the essential amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. These are the ones that your dog’s diet must supply because his body can’t produce them. It’s the same case with people.
White rice also has a fair amount of other vital nutrients. Overall, it’s not the worst food you can give your dog, especially when they’re recovering from an upset stomach. However, we must also address another critical caveat about it that may turn the table on whether it’s okay to give to your pet regularly.
Glycemic Index and Blood Sugar Response
Glucose or blood sugar is an easily digestible form of energy for all organisms. The pancreas, with its release of insulin, regulates the amount in the bloodstream. This organ responds to the amount of sugar entering the digestive system. Of course, not all foods generate the same reaction. Think of how you feel after a steak dinner. The first thing you probably want to do is veg on the couch.
Your dog shares your feelings.
Other foods release their glucose quickly because they’re easily digested. That’s great if you need a quick pick-me-up, but not so much if you’re a diabetic dog. The way this process of glucose release is measured is through a food or beverage’s glycemic index. The glycemic index of glucose is the baseline at 100. Consequently, the higher the figure is, the fastest it gets into the bloodstream.
White rice is relatively high at around 70.
That can spell trouble for a pet with diabetes. A study conducted in 2021 has shown that rice fed to diabetic dogs may lead to higher glucose readings, making the condition unstable. That’s why it’s imperative to contact your vet before you give your dog white rice or any other foods with a high glycemic index or make it a frequent part of their meals. Following a particular diet and its nutritional analysis allows the vet to monitor your dog’s progress and prescribe the correct dose of your pup’s medication. An abrupt change in diet can severely impact your dog’s blood sugar level.
What Else Do You Need to Know About Giving Your Pooch White Rice?
As we mentioned earlier, it’s best to prepare it bland. Sudden changes in your pup’s diet can upset the stomach and lead to GI distress. We suggest following the general rule of thumb of introducing only small portions of anything new and doing so over a week. Your dog will also have an easier time handling it if you rinse the rice until the water is clear. That will remove the excess starch that could also trigger a reaction.
The other thing you must understand is that white rice is not a complete protein. It doesn’t supply all the essential amino acids your pup needs. That’s why it’s an ingredient in foods and not a replacement for a complete and balanced diet.
- Related Read: Can Dogs Eat Mexican Rice? Vet-Reviewed Facts & FAQ
The question of whether you can feed your dog rice comes with some conditions. White rice is preferable as long as your dog doesn’t have diabetes. The effects on their blood sugar make it a risky practice. If in any doubt, ask your veterinarian for advice. For occasional GI distress, it is usually an excellent way to weather the storm.