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10 Hairless Dog Breeds (With Pictures)

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By Nicole Cosgrove

Xoloitzcuintle standing on a natural landscape

Hairless dog breeds are a unique and captivating group known for their distinct appearance and hypoallergenic qualities. These dogs have captured the hearts of many dog lovers worldwide.

In this article, we will explore 10 hairless dog breeds, each with their own distinctive traits and characteristics. From the elegant Chinese Crested to the ancient Xoloitzcuintli, these breeds offer a remarkable combination of beauty, loyalty, and charm!

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Top 10 Hairless Dog Breeds

1. Chinese Crested

The Chinese Crested
Image Credit: Pxhere

The Chinese Crested is a small and graceful breed known for its captivating appearance and friendly nature. They come in two varieties: the Hairless and the Powderpuff.

The Hairless variety has a soft, smooth, and hairless body, except for hair on the head, tail, and feet. The Powderpuff variety, as the name suggests, is fully covered in a luxurious double coat.

Breed Overview:

Origin: Africa, transferred and made popular in China
Height: 11 – 13 inches
Weight: 8 – 12 pounds

2. Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican Hairless Dog)

Xoloitzcuintli breed mexican hairless dog
Image Credit: TatyanaPanova, Shutterstock

The Xoloitzcuintli, also known as the Mexican Hairless Dog or Xolo, is an ancient and revered breed with a rich history. They are highly intelligent, loyal, and make excellent companions. Xolos come in three sizes: Toy, Miniature, and Standard.

Their skin is warm and soft to the touch, and they have a noble and elegant appearance.

Breed Overview:

Origin: Mexico
Height: Toy: 9.5 – 14 inches
Mini: 14 – 18 inches
Standard: 18 – 23 inches
Weight: Toy: 5 – 15 pounds
Mini: 15 – 30 pounds
Standard: 30 – 55 pounds

3. American Hairless Terrier

american hairless terrier
Image Credit: Pxhere

The American Hairless Terrier is a lively and playful breed that thrives on human companionship. They have smooth and warm skin that is free of hair, except for whiskers and eyebrows.

This breed is known for its agile and energetic nature, making them excellent for various dog sports and activities.

Breed Overview:

Origin: United States of America
Height: 12 – 16 inches
Weight: 12 – 16 pounds

4. Peruvian Inca Orchid

Peruvian Inca Orchid
Image Credit: Anna Krivitskaya, Shutterstock

The Peruvian Inca Orchid, also known as the PIO, is an ancient breed with a fascinating appearance. They have a slender and graceful body, characterized by their hairless skin and tufts of hair on the head, tail, and feet.

PIOs are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and gentle demeanor, making them wonderful companions.

Breed Overview:

Origin: Peru
Height: 20 – 26 inches
Weight: 26 – 55 pounds

5. Abyssinian Sand Terrier

Abyssinian Sand Terrier
Image Credit: Linda Hughes Photography, Shutterstock

The Abyssinian Sand Terrier, also known as the African Hairless Dog, is a rare and exotic breed. Their hairless skin is soft, warm, and often exhibits a sand-like texture.

They are naturally alert and curious and can easily form strong bonds with their human families. Like all dogs, this breed requires proper socialization and mental stimulation to thrive.

Breed Overview:

Origin: Africa
Height: 15 – 20 inches
Weight: 25 – 40 pounds

6. Bolivian Hairless Dog

Bolivian Hairless Dog
Bolivian Hairless Dog (Image Credit: EliteInformation, via Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0)

The Bolivian Hairless Dog, also known as the Hairless Khala Dog, is a unique and ancient breed originating from Bolivia in South America. Without hair on their bodies, they have visibly wrinkled skin and a distinctive mohawk-like ridge of hair on the head.

These dogs are intelligent, alert, and make excellent watchdogs. They are known for their strong loyalty and protective nature towards their families.

Breed Overview:

Origin: Bolivia
Height: 18 – 21 inches
Weight: 40 – 55 pounds

7. Jonangi

Jonangi dog
Jonangi dog (Image Credit: Vedichunt, via Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0)

The Jonangi is a rare and indigenous hairless breed from the southern regions of India. They have a hairless or sparsely coated body, which helps them withstand the heat of the tropical climate.

Jonangis are known for their agility, swimming abilities, and exceptional herding skills. They form strong bonds with their families and are known for their protective nature.

Breed Overview:

Origin: India
Height: 17 – 21 inches
Weight: 35 – 55 pounds

8. Hairless Chihuahua

chihuahua eating its food on the floor
Image Credit: New Africa, Shutterstock

The Hairless Chihuahua is a variation of the popular Chihuahua breed. They have a small and delicate body with a hairless or nearly hairless appearance. Hairless Chihuahuas are alert, lively, and often possess a charming personality.

Despite their tiny size, they are confident and make great companions for individuals or families in various living environments.

Breed Overview:

Origin: Mexico
Height: 6 – 9 inches
Weight: 3 – 6 pounds

9. Argentine Pila

Argentina Pila
Image Credit: Wikimedia

The Argentine Pila, also known as the Argentine Hairless Dog, is a unique breed originating from Argentina. They have a predominantly dominantly hairless body, although some may have a slight fuzz on their head. Argentine Pilas are intelligent, loyal, and highly adaptable.

Argentine Pilas are friendly in nature and can easily get along with children and other pets.

Breed Overview:

Origin: Argentina
Height: 15 – 19 inches
Weight: 30 – 45 pounds

10. Ecuadorian Hairless Dog

The Ecuadorian Hairless Dog, also known as the Ecuadorian Inca Orchid, is a breed native to Ecuador. They often have sparse hair on the head and tail.

These dogs are agile, alert, and make excellent companions. These lovable hairless dogs are known for their loyalty and ability to form deep bonds with their families.

Breed Overview:

Origin: Ecuador
Height: 16 – 20 inches
Weight: 24 – 40 pounds

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Do Hairless Dogs Still Need Grooming? Tips for Care

Hairless dog breeds may not have the typical fur that requires grooming, but they still need special care to ensure their skin remains healthy and their overall well-being is maintained. Hairless dogs also need the same care for their nails, teeth, and ears as other dogs.

Sun Protection

One crucial aspect is sun protection since hairless dogs are more vulnerable to sunburn and skin damage. It’s important to apply pet-safe sunscreen or dress them in protective clothing when they are exposed to sunlight for extended periods.


Moisturizing is also key as hairless dog’s skin tends to be more sensitive and prone to dryness. Regularly moisturize their skin using hypoallergenic and veterinarian-approved lotions or oils to keep it hydrated and nourished.

Regular Bathing

Regular bathing is necessary to remove dirt, oils, and dead skin cells from their bodies. Opt for a gentle and moisturizing shampoo specially formulated for sensitive skin.


Considering that hairless dogs have more exposed skin, dressing them in comfortable and breathable clothing can offer protection, particularly in colder weather or when they are outdoors.


Regularly inspect your dog’s skin for any signs of irritations, rashes, or infections. If you notice any abnormalities, consult a veterinarian for appropriate treatment and guidance.

It’s important to consult a veterinarian for specific grooming recommendations tailored to your hairless dog’s individual needs. They can provide expert guidance on suitable grooming products, dietary considerations, and overall health maintenance.

Xoloitzcuintli breed mexican hairless dogs
Image Credit: Kalinina Maria, Shutterstock

Are Hairless Dogs Hypoallergenic?

In reality, there is no such thing as a purely hypoallergenic dog. Though hairless dogs are often considered hypoallergenic as they lack fur that typically harbors allergens such as dander, it’s important to note that allergens can still be present in a hairless dog’s saliva or skin oils.

Allergies can vary from person to person, and it’s recommended for individuals with allergies to spend time with a hairless dog to assess their sensitivity before bringing one into their home.

Regular bathing and grooming routines for hairless dogs can help reduce allergens. Additionally, maintaining a clean environment by vacuuming regularly and using air purifiers can further minimize allergens and promote a more allergy-friendly environment.

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Hairless dog breeds offer a distinctive and captivating presence, combining their unique appearance with their loyal and affectionate personalities.

If you’re looking for a dog breed that stands out and requires less grooming, a hairless dog might be the perfect choice for you. With their unique appearance, affectionate nature, and lower allergen qualities, they can make wonderful companions for the right families or individuals seeking a unique and captivating canine companion!

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Featured Image Credit: Cendre de Lune, Pixabay

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