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How Long Does It Take Dogs to Have Puppies? Vet Approved Facts & FAQ

Cassidy Sutton

By Cassidy Sutton

Rhodesian Ridgeback Mother Dog With Puppies

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Dr. Lorna Whittemore Photo

Reviewed & Fact-Checked By

Dr. Lorna Whittemore

MRCVS (Veterinarian)

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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If your dog is pregnant, the next logical question is how long it will be until she has her puppies. Usually, dogs are pregnant between 57–65 days, with 63 days being the average. This equates to about 2 months or about 8 weeks. Obviously, this timing will be a little off if you don’t know the exact breeding date.

The course of a dog’s pregnancy is split between three trimesters, just like human pregnancies, except they’re much shorter. Trimesters are generally only 21 days long. So, you have about 63 days to plan for puppies, and you probably have a lot of work to do! Let’s talk about what you can expect when your dog is expecting.

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How to Tell if Your Dog Is Pregnant

It’s not easy confirming your dog’s pregnancy, especially if it’s early in the gestation period.

There are a few signs and symptoms of pregnancy to look out for if you’re still not sure if your dog is pregnant.
  • Extended belly
  • Swollen nipples
  • Panting
  • Increase in appetite
  • Weight gain
  • Tires easily
  • Nesting behavior
  • Irritability
  • More affectionate

Some dogs will have morning sickness and a decrease in appetite, too. Vomiting, inappetence, and an extended belly can also point to other, more severe health concerns, so it’s good to take your dog to the vet to be sure.

Diagnostic testing is the most accurate way to confirm your dog is pregnant, but it will require paying for a vet visit.

There are a few tests your vet can do, such as:
  • Ultrasound: Ultrasounds are the preferred method for confirming pregnancy in dogs. Your veterinarian can do an ultrasound between 25–35 days of pregnancy and may estimate how many puppies to expect.
  • Palpation: Palpation is when your vet feels around the abdomen for what feels like little golf balls or grapes around the 28–30-day mark. You have to know the date of conception for this test.
  • Hormone Test: A hormone test looks for the hormone called relaxin in the bloodstream, which is only produced during pregnancy.
  • X-ray: X-rays need to be done around the 55-day mark since the puppies’ skeletal systems won’t show until then. This gives you the most accurate number of puppies to expect.
chihuahua ultrasound
Image Credit: Andrii Medvednikov, Shutterstock

How Many Puppies Can a Dog Have?

Dogs can have between one and 12 puppies, but there are always variables to consider. It all boils down to the size and breed of the dog. For instance, big dogs like German Shepherds and Golden Retrievers tend to have more puppies because their bodies can carry more puppies. On the other hand, smaller dogs like Beagles and Dachshunds will generally have smaller litters.

To date, the largest puppy litter ever recorded was when a Neopolitan Mastiff gave birth to 15 male puppies and 9 female puppies. Wow! Can you imagine having all those little fur balls running around?

You probably won’t need to plan for your dog to have 24 puppies. On average, dogs have about five or six puppies per litter, so it’s best to plan around this number with a little wiggle room, of course.

What to Do When Your Dog Is Pregnant

So, you’ve confirmed your dog’s pregnancy. Congratulations! Now it’s time to plan for puppies. Birthing puppies in your home is an extraordinary experience. So, what do you do first?

Because the puppies aren’t in your home yet, your dog is the first thing you want to focus on.

pregnant Dogue de Bordeaux
Image Credit: Jan-Dix, Shutterstock

The First 6 Weeks

Give your dog plenty of rest the first few days of pregnancy. Her heat cycle will continue for several more days after conception, so keep any male dogs away that might want to mate with her.

Place food and water in places that aren’t difficult for her to reach. You won’t need to change her diet much in the first 6 weeks of her pregnancy. A high-quality dry dog food high in omega-3 fatty acids is ideal for helping her puppies and breast milk develop.

After 6 Weeks

Continue feeding your dog low-fiber foods that are high in omega-3 fatty acids. This is when you’ll need to increase her food intake. A good rule of thumb is to offer 1.5 times more food than her regular amount. You’ll want to break this down into smaller meals more frequently throughout the day.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements are another option to keep your pregnant pup healthy. Just make sure to discuss these with your veterinarian first.

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Preparing for Puppies

Preparing for puppies is one of the most fun parts of this entire experience. This is when you get to set up the birthing box. It’s like a little at-home birthing hospital for dogs. Birthing boxes offer your dog a safe, warm, stress-free environment to birth her puppies.

To set up a birthing box, you’ll need:
  • A safe, secluded area
  • Towels (various sizes)
  • Newspaper to line the box for easy cleanup
  • A source of heat
  • Bowls nearby for food and water

When it comes to the birthing box, you can use just about anything. Some people use a simple cardboard box, and others use kid swimming pools or wooden whelping boxes. Get creative, but don’t think you have to spend a lot of money. All that matters is your dog feels comfortable and safe.

Very Pregnant rhodesian ridgeback dog lying on bed with a white blanket
Image Credit: Hanna Dymytrova-kaihila, Shutterstock

Signs of Labor

Now that the big day is approaching, all your supplies should be ready to go at this point. Around day 58, keep an eye on your dog as her time for labor approaches.

Some telltale signs of labor include:
  • Panting
  • Vomiting
  • Trembling
  • Hiding
  • Nesting
  • Decreased appetite
  • Drop in rectal temperature

How long labor lasts is different for each dog. It depends on how many puppies there are and if your dog runs into any birthing complications. For dogs, labor is divided into three stages.

  • Stage One: Stage one lasts about 6–12 hours or sometimes longer. Once contractions begin, the cervix dilates. Your dog will show obvious signs of discomfort. You may also notice some clear, watery discharge coming from her vagina.
  • Stage Two: Stage two is where your dog does most of the hard work. This is where she experiences strong uterine contractions that lead to the puppies’ birth. Stage two can last up to 24 hours but is usually shorter.
  • Stage Three: Stage three is the afterbirth stage. All the puppies have been delivered in this stage, and your dog then pushes out the remaining placenta. The afterbirth will be a greenish-black color and shouldn’t have a foul odor.

Your dog will alternate between stages two and three, so you should see afterbirth between 15 minutes after each puppy is born. Some mother dogs will also eat the afterbirth.

How Long Between Each Puppy?

Puppies are usually born every 30–60 minutes with 15 minutes of hard labor. So, plan about one hour of labor for each puppy.

It’s normal for mother dogs to take a break during labor, so don’t panic if your dog stops pushing after she gives birth to a puppy. Still, you don’t want your female dog to take a break longer than two hours or she’ll run into labor complications such as:

  • Fever
  • Eclampsia
  • Vaginal Discharge
  • Inflamed uterus
  • Mastitis
  • Agalactia

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Final Thoughts

Dog pregnancy and birth is an amazing experience. It’s both exciting and terrifying, just like a human birth. Your dog has natural instincts that will shine as she gives birth and cares for her puppies. All you really need to do is assist her in the process.

See also:

Featured Image Credit: olgagorovenko, Shutterstock

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