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How Many Toes Do Frogs Have? The Interesting Answer

Nicole Cosgrove Profile Picture

By Nicole Cosgrove

red eyed tree frog or gaudy leaf frog or Agalychnis callidryas a arboreal hylid native

Some swear it’s four, others swear it’s five–but exactly how many toes does a frog have? Frogs have five toes on each hind leg, equaling ten toes total. As for the front legs, most frogs have four fingers on each hand; however, some species have five on each hand. The exceptions are the Dagger frog (Babina holsti) and the Otton frog (Babina subaspera), which are Japanese Ranid frogs.

If you want to learn more about various frog toe formations and their unique functions, keep reading below. Even better, we’ll be talking about the unique frog anatomy and some fun frog facts that you may be surprised to learn.

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Different Frog Toes

Not all frog toes are created identically, and different toe formations are helpful for different functions.

Some variations include:
  • Webbed feet: Many aquatic frogs have webbed structures between their toes to aid them in rapid, powerful swimming. Sometimes, webbed feet can help frogs soar through the air, as the webbing acts like a parachute.
  • Suction-cup feet: Tree frogs tend to have rounded, suction-cup pads on their toes to help them cling to trees as they bounce from branch to branch.
a tree frog on a leaf
Image Credit: Richard655, Pixabay

More About Frog Anatomy

Frogs have fascinating anatomy. Although every species is unique, there are some general anatomic characteristics and functions that most frogs share.


Frogs are known for their remarkable nighttime vision. They are incredibly sensitive to movement, and their bulging eyes allow them to see in all directions–even behind them!

Their eyes are so powerful that they aren’t just used for vision. When frogs swallow their food, they use their eyes to push their meal down their throat. This is done by dropping the eyes down into the roof of the mouth, putting pressure on whatever is inside.

Vocal Cords

It is believed that frogs were the first land amphibians to develop vocal cords. In male frogs, there is a structure known as the vocal sac, which is a pouch of skin that can fill with air. These vocal sacs create a resonating sound that can sometimes be heard from around a mile away.


A frog’s legs contain a tremendous amount of power. When launching, many frogs can jump a distance that spans over 20 copies of their own body combined!


Different species have different skin types, but they all contribute to unique and fascinating functions. For instance, some frogs may look plain and muddy brown, but this simple color camouflages the frog from predators or prey. On the other hand, vibrantly colorful frogs can scare off predators by convincing other animals that they are poisonous–even if they aren’t.

Clown Tree Frog Dendropsophus leucophyllatus on stone
Image Credit: reptiles4all, Shutterstock

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Fun Facts About Frogs

Frogs are truly special creatures, and there is always something new to learn about them. If you are interested in learning more about frogs, take a look at these fun facts we’ve gathered.

  • There are more than 7,000 frog and toad species.
  • Some frogs can freeze almost entirely solid during the winter, then thaw in the spring like nothing ever happened.
  • The world’s largest frog species can weigh up to 7 pounds!
  • One of the smallest species grows to only 0.5 inches long.
  • More than ⅓ of amphibian species (including frogs) face an extinction crisis.
  • You can celebrate World Frog Day on March 20th.
  • Evidence suggests frogs have been on Earth as long as the dinosaurs—over 200 million years!
  • Frogs in captivity can live for over 20 years.
  • All toads are frogs, but not all frogs are toads.

Good Frogs for a First-Time Frog Owner

If frogs enchant you, and you’re considering one as a pet, you will want to find a species that is suitable for a first-time frog owner. Thankfully, there are plenty to choose from.

Some of the best frogs for new owners include:
  • Pacman Frogs: These frogs are colorful, strange, and docile, making them a perfect candidate for a new frog owner. They are also hardy and capable of living up to 15 years, so prepare for a lengthy commitment.
  • Pixie Frogs: This frog is also known as the African bullfrog and can live for 20 years. They’re known to have wild personalities, so there will never be a dull moment with this frog.
  • Tomato Frog: This frog is round and bright red, like a tomato. It can be housed with other frogs of its species without concerns of aggression and cannibalism.
  • Green Tree Frog: These frogs are a moderate size and are much more active than some other species. However, they don’t love being handled.
  • White’s Tree Frog: This species is beautiful, easy to care for, and friendly.
  • Budgett’s Frog: If you’re looking for a comical yet adorable-looking frog, this may be the pet for you. Their eyes appear tiny compared to the rest of their body, giving them a hilarious appearance.
Green Frog Lithobates clamitans on a rock
Image Credit: surender kr, Shutterstock

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Frogs are fascinating creatures, and with over 7,000 species, there will always be something new to learn. The anatomy of frogs is as remarkable as it is varied, as each species has its own unique characteristics. If you are looking for a frog to bring home for the first time, we recommend looking at some of the best frogs for novice frog owners, and there are plenty to choose from. Whichever frog you adopt, you will always find something special about them.

Featured Image Credit: worldswildlifewonders, Shutterstock

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