If your cat likes to venture outdoors occasionally, you may be wondering how far they can travel in a day. Some cats like to roam while others prefer staying close to their homes. The difference depends on their instincts and drives.
If your cat goes outdoors and you often don’t see them again until a full day later, it can be natural to wonder what they’re doing during that time and how far they go. It is estimated that cats can travel up to 32 miles a day, however, most cats won’t travel further than 1,500 feet from their home. Let’s look at the roaming behavior of cats and how you can keep your cat safe during this time.
How Far Do Cats Travel From Home?
Male and female cats differ in terms of how far they travel from home. Male cats, especially if they are not neutered, tend to roam farther and cover more area than females.
An average male cat is likely to stay within 1,500 feet of his home. Females stay within 225 feet of the home. Some cats don’t leave their owner’s property at all. The distance traveled will vary from cat to cat, but these are the average distances for most domesticated cats.
If cats are searching for food or breeding partners, they may roam more. Feral cats cover a wide range of territory for survival. Food and shelter from the elements must be sought out every day, and cats can roam farther and farther away from their starting points in these cases. Well-fed cats that can return to the safety of their homes when they want to don’t feel the need to roam great distances.
How Do Cats Find Their Way Home?
Cats have a homing ability that enables them to find their homes again—even states away! We’ve heard of cats traveling hundreds of miles to find their owners. In one case, a cat traveled 228 miles in a week to get back home. That means they traveled approximately 32 miles per day.
This homing ability isn’t fully understood, but experts believe that it has to do with magnetized cells in the cats’ brains that act as little compasses. These, combined with cats’ amazing senses of smell and sight, help them navigate their way and arrive safely at their destinations.
Keeping Your Cat Safe
If you have a cat that likes to wander outdoors, there are a few things to do to keep them safe and protected:
- Make sure your cat is spayed or neutered. The drive to find breeding partners is powerful, especially for male cats. It can cause a cat to roam much farther than they normally would. Spaying and neutering also stop fighting between unneutered male cats and prevent pregnancies that add to cat overpopulation.
- Keep your cat up to date on all vaccinations and flea and tick preventatives. This will decrease the risk of your cat picking up diseases.
- Provide enrichment for your cat inside the home. Interactive toys and cat trees can keep a bored cat entertained enough that they might want to stay home.
- Microchip your cat so if they are found by a kind stranger or picked up by animal control, you can be reunited with them. A breakaway collar with an identification tag, including your vet’s phone number, is also a good idea in case someone finds your cat injured. Be sure to only use a breakaway collar so if it gets snagged on something, your cat won’t be stuck and can easily escape.
- Keep your cat inside. While this might be hard to do at first, especially if your cat is used to traveling outdoors, they can become used to it over time. This is the best way to keep your cat safe.
The average cat doesn’t travel farther than 1,500 feet in one day. Spayed female cats are less likely to travel even half that far. Unneutered male cats tend to travel the farthest each day in search of breeding partners.
When a cat must, they can travel much farther. In certain cases, cats have traveled hundreds of miles to reach their destination, walking far more than 20 miles each day.
If your cat likes to go outside, keep them protected by getting them microchipped and vaccinated. The best way to make sure your cat is safe is by keeping them indoors. Providing a fun, enriching home life for them can make cats happy to stay inside.