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How Many Nipples Do Cats Have? Feline Anatomy Explained

Ashley Bates

By Ashley Bates

a pregnant Donskoy Sphinx cat is sleeping

Have you ever wondered why some mammals have so many nipples when humans seem to get by with just two? You’ve probably landed here because you’ve got a cat at home and want to know how many nipples a cat has, so, let us enlighten you on the subject. Cats generally have eight nipples—but not always. Even male cats have nipples—so it isn’t gender-specific.

Even though all cats have nipples, mother cats are the only ones who really need them. So how do they work and what are they for? Let’s learn all you can about nipples on a cat.

What Are Cat Nipples?

Nipples are protrusions on the belly connected to mammary glands. When a cat is pregnant or lactating, these nipples fill with milk and excrete the substance once the kittens are born.

The kitten’s suckling stimulates milk production at the teat. So, unless the cat is pregnant or nursing, your cat should not produce any milk.

a newborn kitten drinks its mother's milk
Image Credit: Rembolle, Shutterstock

How Many Nipples Do Cats Have?

Generally speaking, cats have roughly eight nipples. The number of nipples can vary depending on the cat. By inspecting the belly, you also notice that the nipples might not be entirely evenly placed or in perfect lines.

Some of them might appear scattered and be even or odd-numbered. However, eight is the average and most common.

Do Males Have Nipples?

Just like humans, male cats also have nipples. Their nipples can vary a number just like females, only they’ll be less prominent. That means even in shorthaired cats, you might have to dig through their fur even to find one in the first place.

They don’t serve any purpose as they don’t produce milk. However, the bumps exist nonetheless.

How Do Nipples Change Over Time?

Nipples can change over time after a mother has a litter of kittens. Once the kittens have nursed, the nipples tend to protrude out further than initially. So, it might make them more noticeable than before.

Also, some cats might have more noticeable nipples that stick out while others are flush to the skin.

Nipple to Kitten Ratio

Ideally, cats will have as many nipples as they have kittens. But in some cases, with very large litters, the kittens might outnumber the nipples. In this case, it is very common to have a runt that might not get as much nutrition.

If that is the case, you might have to bottle feed and wean the kitten by hand. However, mothers are very resilient and resourceful. So, they always work to make sure each kitten is well fed.

newborn kittens sucking milk
Image By: NataVilman, Shutterstock

Pregnancy and Lactation

Female cats can only lactate after pregnancy is complete. Cats become sexually mature after roughly 6 months and reproduce litters between one and nine babies—but the average is four to six.

Kittens nurse exclusively for the first 4 weeks of life. After that, they start slowly eating solids. Once they are 6 weeks old, they should be able to eat kitten chow without needing their mother’s milk any longer.


So, now you know how many nipples a cat has—roughly. If you care to take a count and want to risk touching the belly, maybe your cat will let you feel around. If you have a male cat and got a little scared about the tummy bumps—no worries. They have them, too.

If your cat is having trouble nursing a large litter of kittens, reach out to a professional for guidance. Your vet can recommend ways to assist the mother and teach you how to hand feed, if necessary.

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Featured Image Credit: Azovsky, Shutterstock

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