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Can Cats Eat Pumpkin? Vet Approved Feeding Facts

Kristin Hitchcock

By Kristin Hitchcock

Can Cats Eat pumpkin

Vet approved

Dr. Paola Cuevas Photo

Reviewed & Fact-Checked By

Dr. Paola Cuevas

MVZ (Veterinarian)

The information is current and up-to-date in accordance with the latest veterinarian research.

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Pumpkin is often touted as a healthy and natural treat for cats. In fact, some claim that it has a host of health benefits. It even appears in various healthy foods. However, the science is a bit more complicated than that.

Luckily, cats can eat pumpkin safely. It even has amazing health benefits for some cats when fed in small amounts. However, that doesn’t mean that you should feed your feline tons of pumpkin. Pumpkin does not meet a cat’s nutritional needs.

In this article, we take a look at the claims of why pumpkin may be a good additive for your feline, as well as what can happen if you feed your cat too much pumpkin.

hepper single cat paw divider

What Are the Health Benefits of Pumpkin?

Pumpkin is often used in different cat foods and treats, usually with several benefits attributed to them. However, the benefits that it provides really depend on your cat. Sometimes, cats with certain health problems may benefit from pumpkin because it adds something that they need. If your cat is already healthy, pumpkin probably isn’t going to help much.

One of the main benefits of pumpkin is the high amount of fiber that it contains. If your cat has certain digestive problems, like constipation, adding pumpkin may be a suitable option. Many digestive cat foods include pumpkin for this reason.

Pumpkin may also help obese cats. The fiber adds bulk to the diet, making the cat feel fuller for longer. If your cat is on a diet, pumpkin may prevent them from complaining quite as much about their new diet. Keep in mind that losing weight too quickly is very dangerous for a cat. We recommend following your vet’s recommendations for how much of your cat’s diet you can replace with pumpkin.

This additive is also a good source of vitamin A precursors and vitamin C. However, cats can not effectively convert precursors into vitamin A, and they make their own vitamin C. Normally cats are usually not deficient in these vitamins unless they aren’t eating a complete diet. Therefore, the benefits of these vitamins from pumpkin are not even necessary for most cats. They already have all that they need.

Pumpkin is also a decent source of zinc. However, most cats don’t need more of this either. 

In other words, pumpkin’s main benefit for a cat is that it is a source of kitty-friendly fiber.  Pumpkin can treat and prevent constipation, prevent hairball formation, keep a healthy gut microbiome, and allow your cat to enjoy regular gastrointestinal motility.

pumpkin on a cut tree trunk
Image Credit: suju-foto, Pixabay

What Are the Potential Risks of Pumpkin?

In most situations, pumpkin is safe and easy to add to your cat’s food. It will typically not upset a cat’s digestive tract.

The problems come when you try to feed your cat too much pumpkin. If your cat eats too much, it can edge out other foods that your cat also needs. It should never replace your cat’s main diet, as this is where they should receive the bulk of their nutrition. They also shouldn’t be gaining any weight from the calories that the pumpkin inevitably adds. For this reason, the amount of pumpkin that they should be eating is small.

Large amounts of pumpkin can cause digestive upset. This usually includes stomach cramps and diarrhea. If this occurs, you should likely skip the next serving and change the amount of pumpkin that you’re offering. Diarrhea is often not serious. However, chronic diarrhea can be. It can quickly cause dehydration.

You shouldn’t feed your feline every part of the pumpkin either. The stem and skin of the pumpkin have little nutritional value and aren’t particularly beneficial for your cat. They may be the opposite, as they represent choking and gastrointestinal obstruction hazards. You should also avoid feeding your cat any pumpkin that has been left to sit out, including those that you have carved. These are often over-ripe or rotten, which can make your cat sick.

What Kind of Pumpkin Can Cats Eat?

Pumpkins come in many shapes and sizes. However, the only kinds that your cat should eat are plain, homemade pumpkin puree or plain canned pumpkin. It should be unsweetened, as extra sugar is not necessary for your feline. Added sugar can cause all sorts of problems, including gastrointestinal distress and obesity. 

Be sure to check the ingredient list before purchasing the canned pumpkin for your cat. It should just contain pumpkin and nothing else. Check the sugar content as well. It should have 0 grams of added sugar.

It may take a bit of looking to find the right kind of pumpkin for your feline. However, this is necessary if you’re planning on adding pumpkin to your cat’s diet. Other types of pumpkins won’t help your cat. Instead, they’ll cause problems.

cat eating on the counter
Image Credit: Krakenimages.com, Shutterstock

How to Give Pumpkin to a Cat

Luckily, most cats like pumpkin. You can simply scoop out the required amount and add it directly to their food. Most cats will happily lick it up as they eat. This makes it probably one of the easiest additives to give your feline, as it doesn’t require much prep.

Of course, every cat is an individual. Your cat may not like pumpkin. Again, you shouldn’t choose pumpkin with added flavors or sugar, even if your cat doesn’t seem to like regular pumpkin. Instead, you may want to try feeding your cat a tiny amount of regular pumpkin and slowly increasing that amount as they accept it. Some simply don’t like eating pumpkin until they get used to the flavor.

Usually, the dosage is between 1–4 teaspoons a day, one to two times a day. However, what you’re trying to achieve and your cat’s size does matter. Some felines need more pumpkin, while others need less. Speak to your vet about the specific dosage that your cat needs.  

 If your cat absolutely refuses to eat pumpkin, there are many alternatives. These include psyllium and wheat bran, both of which are quite high in fiber. Of course, added water is important as well, so you may want to switch your cat to a moisture-rich fresh or wet food if they are fighting constipation. Many cats don’t drink enough plain water, so they need their regular diet to contain high levels of moisture. In other words, they may need to eat their water.

There are many different pumpkin cat treat recipes on the internet. Some of these are safe for most cats to eat, while others include ingredients that your feline probably doesn’t need. Most are completely unnecessary because most cats will eat pumpkin straight out of the can. You can try these for your feline if you’d like, but please do check the ingredients.

Does Pumpkin Help Cats With Vomiting?

One common misconception is that pumpkin may help cats with vomiting and “settle their stomach.” However, there is no evidence that it performs that function. The added fiber may help with certain digestive problems, but it isn’t going to instantly stop any vomiting. For example, the fiber may help to pass hairballs, which may sometimes be mistaken for your cat vomiting.

In general, if your cat is vomiting to the point that you think you need to stop it, you should take them to the vet.  Stopping vomit without a diagnosis of the underlying problem might do more harm than good. 

How Long Does It Take for Pumpkin to Work on Cats?

It can take anywhere from only a couple of days to a few weeks. It depends on what you’re trying to accomplish, as well as your cat’s specific health problems. If you’re using it to treat constipation, it may only take a day or two if your cat is only minorly constipated. On the other hand, it may take weeks for cats on a diet to lose weight. 

hepper cat paw divider

Final Thoughts

Pumpkin is safe for cats to eat and may provide a few benefits. Mostly, pumpkin is included in cat food and treats for the added fiber, which can help with things like constipation. That said, pumpkin is not a miracle food that will fix all your cat’s problems. It is just one potential resource. 

Pumpkin is relatively healthy for most cats, as long as the correct kind of pumpkin is used. It should be free of added sugar, preservatives, or flavorings. You want to feed your cat only pumpkin, not pumpkin with a bunch of things mixed in.

Looking for more tips on what your cat can eat? Check out:

Featured Image Credit: stevepb, Pixabay

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