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Can Dogs Eat Seafood? What You Need To Know!

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By Nicole Cosgrove

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Dogs cannot seem to resist the smell of seafood. Whether you are enjoying a plate of sushi, a piece of salmon, or a meal of crab legs, you have probably caught your dog sitting on the sidelines, licking their lips and staring at you intently. Your pooch may have even stolen a piece of fish off your kitchen counter or your dinner plate in the past. So, you may be wondering: Can dogs eat seafood? Is seafood safe for your dog overall?

The answer to this question is essentially yes, but there are risks and dangers that you should know about before you start treating your furry family member to fish. There are also certain types of fish that you should avoid for various reasons. Here is everything that you need to know about feeding fish to your dog.

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The Benefits of Feeding Seafood to Dogs

There are several benefits of feeding seafood to dogs. In fact, many commercial dog foods include seafood in their recipes to ensure complete and balanced nutrition. For starters, seafood is full of healthy omega fatty acids, which are essential for a healthy heart and immune system, among other things.

Fish is also an excellent source of protein, especially for dogs that are allergic to other sources like chicken and beef. It is also low in saturated fat, so it will not contribute to obesity and related health problems like fattier meats can. When perfectly cooked, fish is easy on the digestive system and the nutrients can be quickly absorbed into the body. Dogs tend to love the flavor and texture of fish too.

Grilled fish with herbs and lemon
Image Credit: Andrii Koval, Shutterstock

The Dangers of Feeding Seafood to Dogs

There are a few dangers of feeding seafood to dogs that should not be overlooked. First and foremost, fish bones are a no-no because they are a choking hazard. The bones are fragile and can splint in the stomach or intestines and even puncture the intestines or an organ.

This could result in the need for an emergency visit to the veterinarian and the possibility of surgery, which is expensive. Another thing to worry about is toxins. Mercury builds up in sea animals and stays inside their tissues. When your pooch eats the fish tissue, they consume the mercury too. Mercury poisoning can cause digestive problems but more worrisome is the brain and kidney damage that could develop.

Another concern is feeding dogs raw fish. Fish that has not been fully cooked can carry bacteria, like salmonella, that can make your pooch ill. Uncooked fish can also transmit any parasites that they are harboring to your dog and cause health issues like thinning fur and lethargy. Also, seafood packed in cans typically contains high levels of salt, which can dehydrate your pooch and make them lethargic. Freshly cooked fish with no added oils or seasonings is always best.

Black domestic dog are stoop body and vomit mucus
Image Credit: Mumemories, Shutterstock

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The Best Types of Seafood for Dogs

There are several types of seafood that your dog is sure to love and that will provide them with nutritional benefits. Salmon and catfish are both great because they tend to harbor less mercury and are lower in fat than many other options. Flounder, whitefish, and cod are other options to consider including in your dog’s diet because they are affordable and easy to work with.

Less popular but just as nutritious, both herring and whiting are perfectly suitable for dogs. Sardines and anchovies are so small, they usually collect only small amounts of mercury, making them an excellent treat for dogs of all ages. Your dog can even eat seaweed to gain many of the same benefits that they would when eating fish.

smoked salmon outdoors
Image Credit: Tommy_Rau, Pixabay

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The Worst Types of Seafood for Dogs

There are certain types of seafood that your dog should avoid overall, such as larger fish that are known for containing high levels of mercury. Swordfish, shark, and king mackerel are a few examples. Tuna, whether fresh or canned, is also not a good idea because it is well known for being a mercury harbinger. Whenever possible, farmed fish should be avoided because they often contain high levels of the antibiotics and other toxins that they are fed while being raised. These toxins can be passed on to your dog.

Sleepy sad King Charles
Image Credit: Ella_87, Pixabay

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Our Final Thoughts

The bottom line is that seafood can be a healthy addition to your dog’s diet, provided that it is fed in moderation and after proper preparation practices have been observed. Hopefully, this guide will make choosing the right seafood, properly preparing it, and serving it to your dog a pleasurable experience rather than a stressful one. Do you plan to start serving seafood to your dog occasionally? If so, which options do you think will interest your pooch the most? Leave us a comment below!

See also: Can Dogs Eat Flounder? Vet Reviewed Facts & FAQs

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