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Brown Doberman: Facts, Origin & History (With Pictures)

Rachel Giordano

By Rachel Giordano

person petting a chocolate brown doberman dog

When you think of Doberman Pinschers, the color black comes to mind. Most Dobermans tend to be black and tan, or the technical term “black and rust,” which is the most prominent color mixture.

But did you know there are brown Dobermans? Brown Dobermans are considered red and rust in the U.S., with Europeans calling them brown Dobermans rather than red Dobermans.

Read on to learn more about the brown or “red and rust” Doberman, its characteristics, history, and traits.

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The Earliest Records of the Brown Doberman in History

A German man named Louis Dobermann, a tax collector, is credited with initially breeding Dobermans in the 1800s. He wanted a guard dog to protect him while he made his rounds (with that job title, who could blame him?).

It’s not 100% known how the brown Doberman came to light, or the entire breed, for that matter. Still, speculation is that many crossbreeds were used in developing the breed overall, such as the Rottweiler, Great Dane, German Shorthaired Pointer, English Greyhound, and German Shepherd.

How the Brown Doberman Gained Popularity

Doberman Pinschers usually rank #16 among America’s most popular dog breeds. They are fierce protectors and are loyal to their humans. These dogs assisted soldiers in World War II, but due to their aggression and powerful bite, they are no longer used for military or police work. They also do not possess the agility for police work like other breeds used for this purpose.

However, their loyalty and protectiveness have made them gain popularity over the decades as family pets. These dogs make excellent guard dogs, no matter the color, and they make excellent pets for those wanting a dog that will guard their property while still being a family pet.

a brown doberman with a red dog collar
Photo Credit: Tanika, Pexels

Formal Recognition of the Brown Doberman

The Doberman Pinscher was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1908, but the colors recognized were black, blue, red, or fawn. In actuality, a brown Doberman is considered the color red rather than brown in the U.S. and Europe. Most Europeans call them brown or chocolate Dobermans. The reddish color can be dark or have a light, reddish-brown hue.

Another version of the color is called Melanistic Red, which is rare and hard to find. Debates ensue regarding this color type of Doberman, as some believe they’re not considered purebred, while some breeders will argue this to the fullest degree.

The Doberman Pinscher Club of America was founded in 1921 and is dedicated to educating the public about the breed while promoting purebred Dobermans, maintaining the breed standard, and maintaining their traits to perfection1.

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Top 3 Unique Facts About the Brown Doberman

1. Brown Dobbies can handle heat better than black Dobbies

The black fur absorbs more of the sun’s rays, which can lead to heatstroke.

2. To get the brown or red color, both parents must have the recessive gene BB

The B gene is dominant for black fur. The coat will always be black if one or more parents carry the Bb or BB genes.

3. Dobermans are considered the 5th most intelligent breed

Stanley Coren, a canine psychologist, determined that Dobermans (black or brown) can learn, on average, 250 terms from the human language.

Photo Credit: Richard Potvin, Shutterstock

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Does the Brown Doberman Make a Good Pet?

Doberman Pinschers make excellent family pets and guard dogs. Despite their sleek and aggressive look, these dogs love their humans and will protect them fiercely. However, it’s essential to provide early socialization with these dogs to get the desired temperament you want. They do well with other dogs, but pairing them with the opposite sex is ideal for preventing same-sex aggression.

Whether the Doberman is black and rust, red and rust (brown), or blue, their temperaments are the same.

They are energetic and intelligent dogs and will require at least 2 hours of daily exercise. Taking your Dobbie on a long walk or having playtime in the backyard is ideal; having a fenced yard is also recommended. They do well with children and even better if raised with them, as they will look at children as part of the pack. With socialization, Dobermans do well with kids of all ages.

girl and brown doberman dog
Photo Credit: Primorac91, Shutterstock

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Final Thoughts

Brown Dobermans are really considered red and rust-colored, with black and rust being the most prominent color. They are intelligent, energetic, low maintenance, and make excellent family and guard dogs. If you have children, early socialization is key to success, and they are loyal and loving. Ensure you have the time to exercise your brown or red and rust-colored Doberman at least 2 hours a day and feed a high-quality diet for optional nutrition.

Featured Image Credit: Ryk Porras, Unsplash

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