Pet parents and toddler parents have something in common: at some point, they will find themselves dealing with a pee cleanup. Cat urine, especially from unneutered males, brings with it an unmistakable odor that can be tough to remove. Inappropriate urination is also a major cause of cats being surrendered to animal shelters.
Given this information, it makes sense that you’d want to prevent your cat from making urine messes in the first place. However, this can get complicated because you first need to know if your cat is spraying or just peeing in the wrong spots. Keep reading to learn how to tell the difference between these two behaviors and why it matters in terms of preventing them.
Overview of Cat Spraying:
What Is Spraying?
Cat spraying, also called urine marking, is a normal, wild cat behavior that doesn’t translate well into indoor cat living. Scent is one of the primary ways that cats communicate among themselves, and spraying is one way they get their particular smell out into the world.
Cats usually spray onto vertical surfaces like walls or furniture indoors and trees outdoors. The cat’s body position while spraying has a lot to do with this urine placement. When spraying, cats are usually standing with a raised tail. They often move their back feet as if walking in place and shake their tail as they spray.
Why Cats Spray
Cats spray for several reasons, all related to an attempt to communicate with each other or their owners.
Marking their territory is one of the most common reasons that cats spray. Your cat may begin spraying if you move to a new house or bring a new cat into the family. While unpleasant to you, to your cat, spraying is necessary to make sure they claim their new space or clearly communicate which stuff is theirs to the new cat.
Indoor cats may begin spraying if an unfamiliar outdoor cat starts hanging around because they feel threatened. Intact cats spray to attract mates or scare off other potential suitors. Cats may also spray as a response to change or stress, whether it be a new baby or a new roommate.
What Cats Spray
Both male and female cats can spray, although unneutered male cats are the most likely to engage in this behavior. Spaying and neutering reduce but don’t eliminate the chances that your cat will spray. Spraying may be more likely to occur in households with more than one cat.
Overview of Cat Peeing:
How Cat Peeing Is Different From Spraying
When cats pee, they generally squat low and release urine onto the surface below them, hopefully, their litter box! Some cats naturally have a higher peeing stance than others but usually still make an effort to squat, unlike the upright posture a spraying cat adopts.
Cats may pee outside of their litter box for several reasons which we’ll discuss in a minute but they usually still pick a horizontal surface like a floor or countertop, unlike a spraying cat.
When Peeing Looks Like Spraying
Sometimes, you may think a cat is spraying because they are uncomfortable and unable to squat down to pee normally. This is common in older cats who develop arthritis or spinal pain. Cats with urinary or kidney infections may also adopt an abnormal posture when peeing due to pain.
So, Which Is It?
Unless you catch your cat in the act, you may need to rely on a process of elimination to determine if you’re dealing with spraying or inappropriate urination. Start with a complete checkup to eliminate any medical concerns that could be causing urinary issues. With medical issues ruled out, you can be more certain you’re dealing with a behavioral cause of some sort.
Another clue that your cat is spraying rather than just avoiding their litter box is whether they continue to poop in the right spot. Cats rarely mark with feces while litter box avoiders will stay out of the box no matter what kind of deposit they need to make.
How To Stop Your Cat From Spraying
Stopping your cat from spraying requires you to both thoroughly clean any areas where your cat sprays and diagnose why they’re displaying the behavior to begin with.
Cleaning is the easier job: use a mild-smelling cleaner or one designed specifically to clean up cat urine. If your cat consistently returns to the same area to spray, you might need to cut off access to that spot temporarily.
Here are some suggestions to help prevent your cat from spraying in the first place.
If Your Cat Is Spraying To Attract Mates
To stop this behavior in its tracks, get your cat spayed or neutered. While about 5% of female cats and 10% of male cats continue spraying after they’re fixed, it’s still one of the best ways to stop the unwanted urine marking.
If You’re Dealing With “Sibling Rivalry”
In multi-cat households, spraying is often the result of both territorial marking and squabbling over resources like food, toys, or your attention. Make sure your cats have their own space to sleep, eat and use the bathroom. Keep one more litter box in the house than the number of cats in residence.
Make sure you give all your cats plenty of one-on-one attention so they don’t feel the need to fight for it. This might require you to separate your cats temporarily so they don’t intrude on each other’s play or snuggle time.
You can also use calming products like a pheromone spray or diffuser to help ease the kitty tension in your household.
If Your Indoor Cat Feels Threatened By An Outdoor Intruder
Outdoor cats, stray or owned, can certainly be a source of stress for your cat and cause them to spray. A pheromone product may be helpful in this situation as well. You can also try to cover windows or doors to prevent your cat from seeing the outdoor cat.
You can also try to keep the outdoor cat away from your house by using physical or scent deterrents. If you know who the cat belongs to, you may need to speak to their owner to try and work out a solution. Stray cats who make a nuisance of themselves can often be humanely trapped and relocated with the help of a local rescue group.
How To Stop Inappropriate Peeing
If medical issues are ruled out, inappropriate urination is often related to litter box trouble. Like with spraying, you’ll need to thoroughly clean any spots where your cat has urinated inappropriately to prevent your cat from re-soiling the area.
Preventing Litter Box Avoidance
Make sure you choose a litter box that’s large enough for your cat. Some owners like covered litter boxes because they help control odor but not all cats will use them.
Unscented, clumping litter is usually recommended for best results. However, it’s most important to find a litter your cat likes and stick with it. Some cats are flexible but many will refuse to use a new type or brand of litter with messy results.
Litter box placement is also key to preventing litter box avoidance. Cats want privacy but also not to feel trapped as they’re doing their business. Avoid placing the litter box in busy areas or tight corners. Noisy locations, like utility or laundry rooms, are usually less than ideal as well.
Dealing With Bully Cats
In some cases, your cat may have no problem with the litter box but still pee in inappropriate spots because another cat won’t let them use the box. Sometimes, you’ll need to temporarily separate the cats to determine if one or more is being a bully.
Again, this problem will require you to make sure you have enough litter boxes to go around and that they’re spread out in different locations. If you find you’re dealing with a consistently aggressive or jealous cat, you may need professional help from your vet or a veterinary behaviorist.
Dealing with cat urine all over the house is nobody’s idea of a good time, even the most dedicated kitty lover. Discovering whether your cat is spraying or peeing inappropriately is the first step towards a cleaner house and a lot less hassle. Always remember to see your vet in order to rule out a medical issue first or if you’re finding yourself frustrated trying to solve the riddle of your cat’s spraying or peeing. Remember, your cat can’t tell you why they’re behaving the way they are, and spraying or peeing inappropriately is often the only cry for help they know how to make.
Featured Image Credit: Left: anlomaja, Shutterstock | Right: Dina-da, Shutterstock