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Black Pomeranian: Info, Pictures, Traits & Facts

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By Nicole Cosgrove

black pomeranian

Height: 6-7 inches
Weight: 3-7 pounds
Lifespan: 12-16 years
Colors: Black
Suitable for: Families with older children in the city or rural areas. Single companion pets for active people.
Temperament: Intelligent and spunky. Loving, protective, and energetic. Perky and alert.

The Black Pomeranian is an adorable pint-sized pooch that has a personality five times bigger than themselves. Also called the Black Pom, they are a rare fur colored member of the Pomeranian family. This tiny-tot is intelligent, spunky, and loving. They will make a great companion for a single person or a household full of people.

If you have been considering this breed as a possible canine companion, you have come to the right place. There is a lot of information you need to know, and we have put it all in one place for you to scroll through at your leisure.

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Black Pomeranian Puppies – Before You Bring One Home…

black pomeranian puppy
Credit: Zyabich, Shutterstock

As a puppy, the Black Pom is cute enough to make the most stoic person crack. They will be small enough to fit into the palm of your hand, but they will also have the energy of a full-grown German Shepherd. If you decide to adopt one of these tiny tots, you will find yourself with a little rascal that will keep you laughing. Be careful, though. Due to their tiny stature, they can easily get hurt. You will need to make sure they are not stepped on, sat on, smothered, or able to fall off couches or down stairs. A play area is recommended.

Pomeranian History

A good way to develop an understanding of this dog is by looking at their background. Also called Zwergspitz in Germany, this breed originated from Northeastern Europe a few centuries ago. They are descendants of larger sled dogs, and they are the smallest Spitz breed. Recognized by the AKC as part of the toy group, they are also companion dogs.

How They Get the Jet-Black Fur

Many people believe the Black Pom to be a completely separate Pomeranian breed, but they are actually just a rare color. When looking to adopt this particular coat hue, you may want to have genetic testing done on the pup’s parents.

For a Pom to have the black coloring, both parents must have the recessive gene. Some Pomeranian puppies can appear to have black fur but will lighten as they grow. What’s more, you can also find black Poms with tan or cream markings, although they are not considered a true Black Pomeranian.

Black Pomeranian
Credit: Alena Kot, Shutterstock

3 Little-Known Facts About Black Pomeranians

1. Bred from Arctic Sled Dogs

The Pomeranian is the smallest of the Spitz family. They were bred from the Arctic Spitz and were used as sled dogs. As you can imagine, they were originally much larger and burlier.

2. Originated from Where?

It is thought by some that the Pomeranian originated from Pomerania (hence, their name), which is now part of Germany and Poland. On the other hand, others believe that they come from Germany alone.

3. Royal Companion

The Pomeranian has been a great favorite of the Royal family; most notably with Queen Victoria. It was her influence that pushed them into uber popularity. She also helped create the modern Pom we know today thanks to her breeding efforts.

Temperament & Intelligence of the Black Pomeranian 🧠

The Black Pomeranian is a toy breed with an intelligent, alert, and affectionate personality. They are loving, spunky, and love to make you laugh with their many antics. You will find this breed to be perky, brave, and adventurous, as well.

Although you will often find the Black Pom snuggled on your lap, they also have what is known as “little dog syndrome.” This gives them a fearless attitude and adds to their protective nature. Even though they are small, this pooch makes a good watchdog. Suspicious of strangers, they are quick to set off an alarm when they encounter someone or something unusual.

This breed is also a great companion dog for singles-person homes. They have been used as service dogs, as well. The Black Pom is always ready to be at your side for a walk, drive, or a day sitting on the couch. They are game for an adventure or a snuggle.

This breed becomes very attached to their owners. That being said, they are loyal and loving dogs that do not suffer from separation anxiety. They are content to be alone for moderate amounts of time, although leaving them alone requires specific guidelines that we will get into a bit later on.

Are These Dogs Good for Families? 🏡

The Black Pom makes a great family dog under the right conditions. Going back to this pup’s size, they are typically not recommended for homes with children under the age of 10. They are easily hurt, so you want to make sure your kids understand they are a pet and not a stuffed animal. To that end, they can also nip if they are accidentally injured.

Other than that, the Black Pomeranian makes a great addition to most households. As they don’t require a lot of space, they thrive in rural settings along with urban living. Apartments, condos, and multi-family homes are all acceptable.

The only exception to this social, happy, and affectionate pup’s rule is strangers. You will notice them become less friendly when newcomers are around. They will be suspicious, yappy, and not eager to make friends. Once again, this is why they make good guard dogs. They are not, however, aggressive. With good socialization skills, they will quickly adapt to strangers, but they are unlikely to show their charms right off the bat-regardless of their training.

Does This Breed Get Along with Other Pets? 🐶 😽

This pup generally rubs along well with smaller pets like cats, rabbits, gerbils, etc. They have a low prey-drive, so they are not apt to chase or herd them around. For the most part, they will try to play with them or otherwise leave them alone.

Bigger pets, such as other dogs, is where things can be a bit more…interesting. If you remember, the Black Pomeranian has “little dog syndrome.” They have no problem trying to act ferocious while another canine is around. Although they are not aggressive, they won’t hesitate to show off their swagger.

This can also manifest in territoriality, jealousy, and protectiveness of their food and toys. They can become a bit surly if they feel you are giving other dogs too much attention, and “sharing is caring” is not part of their many tricks. Of course, early exposure to other dogs, animals, and people is important to keep the worst of these impulses at bay.

black pomeranian
Credit: Ksenia Raykova, Shutterstock

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Things to Know When Owning a Black Pomeranian:

The second half of this article is more about this breed’s basic care requirements. Things like their diet, grooming needs, exercise requirements, and health conditions are all things you should get to know before deciding to call this fur baby your own.

Food & Diet Requirements 🦴

Black Pomeranians’ dietary needs are not overly complicated or difficult to achieve and maintain. They should be given a wholesome and nutritious diet that can be in the form of either canned/wet food, raw food, dry, or home-cooked. Like most canines, they require basic nutritious staples like protein, fat, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and other supplements such as antioxidants, omega fatty acids, probiotics, etc.

Besides that, there are three other factors you should note which we will talk about below.

  • Weight: The Black Pom can range between three and seven pounds. Unlike bigger dogs, a two or three-pound variance can make a big difference in how much you feed them. The number of calories they consume is also largely due to their weight. The AAFCO advises pet owners to feed their pups 30 calories per pound of body weight, but it can vary for this smaller breed. For example, a four-pound Pom should get 200 calories per day while a seven-pound Pom should get 350 per day.
  • Obesity: Like many smaller canines, the Pomeranian is prone to weight gain and obesity. This is another reason why you need to be careful with the amount of food and calories you are providing them. What many pet parents don’t take into account, however, is their treats. With the Black Pom, you should limit treats to positive reinforcement training only. Outside of those lessons, you can reward them with toys or other fun items. You should also make sure the snacks you provide are low in sugar, unhealthy fats, processed foods, and artificial ingredients.
  • Life Stage: Finally, it is important to note that your Pom’s diet will change as they grow. They require a far different diet as a puppy than as an adult. As a senior, they will also need a modified meal plan.

Regardless of the breed, we always recommend that you speak with your vet to determine the proper diet for your dog. In the case of the Black Pomeranian, it is even more important. As a professional, they will be able to give you a detailed account of what your pet’s meal should consist of to keep them healthy and thriving.

Exercise 🐕

A Black Pom does not need a regimented exercise plan, yet they are very active. Due to their small size, they do well with one 20 to 30-minute walk outside along with some indoor play. They can also have some fun outside in the backyard. As we mentioned earlier, though, this is where you need to be careful.

Outside Playtime

Once again, the Black Pom’s size plays a big role here. Being small, they can often resemble squirrels or rabbits to other prey animals like coyotes, foxes, hawks, eagles, etc. You never want to leave your pet outside in the open alone or not on their leash. Even when they have on a proper harness, you want to keep a good eye on them.

The second reason to be wary of letting them outside alone is because of their Houdini-like abilities. These little tykes are masters at disappearing. They can fit through spaces you would not believe they could. Small openings in fences are typically not an issue. They are also agile, and you would be surprised at what they can climb over.

Lastly, you need to be careful about the weather when your pet is outside. Due to their dark coat, they overheat quickly in the sun. Conversely, even though they have a thick double coat, you need to be careful in the extreme cold. The sun, however, is a more prominent danger.

Mental Stimulation

Outside of physical exercise, the Black Pomeranian also needs a good deal of mental stimulation. This pooch is highly intelligent. They pick up on games, tricks, and agility quickly. Not only that, but they also thrive on this sort of amusement. You will want to give them some “training” each day.

Not only that, but you also want to provide them with some fun toys. Chew toys and stuffed animals are fun but don’t forget to add in some mental puzzle games, as well. This is what makes them content and happy. In our experience, a bored dog is an unhappy dog. Most breeds, including the Pom, will find other ways to entertain themselves, and you are unlikely to be amused.

black pomeranian
Credit: KiNaTi, Shutterstock

Training 🦮

As you read above, this is an intelligent dog that picks up on games and tricks quickly. Like those activities, they will also catch onto obedience, agility, rally obedience, behavioral, and socialization skills with ease. All that is needed is consistency and positive reinforcement, and they will excel. Like we talked about earlier, the Pomeranian has been used as service and companion dogs, as well.

The one area that is a little more difficult is housebreaking. You must teach them not to jump on furniture like chairs, couches, etc. because of their small stature. They can get hurt easily from something as simple as jumping off the couch, so keeping them with both feet firmly planted on the floor (for the most part) is essential for their well-being.

This can be more difficult because, as we mentioned, this tiny-tyke plays indoors quite a bit. Again, it all comes back to positive reinforcement and consistency. Not only that, but early training will also serve them well. The younger the better!

You also want to add grooming to your Black Pom’s training as early as possible which we will go over next.

Grooming ✂️

Black Pomeranians have a medium to long double coat that is slightly rough on the outside and soft insulation on the inside. They are not huge shedders, but they are also not hypoallergenic, either. You will need to brush them a few times a week with a pin brush to keep their fur from forming mats, and a slicker brush for keeping it smooth and shiny while also evenly distributing the hair’s oils.

You also need to look after their nails, ears, and teeth. Ears should be inspected once a week, along with their teeth brushed. Nails need to be clipped as soon as you can hear them making their way across the floor. As we talked about above, starting this grooming routine early will make life easier for both you and your pet.

Professional Assistance

Unfortunately, though it may not seem it above, taking care of your Pomeranian’s coat, nails, teeth, and ears are more involved than a normal canine. For example, they will need to have fur-trimmed around their eyes and ears. Also, they have thin, small nails that can break easily.

This is why we recommend having your Black Pom professionally groomed every four to six weeks. The experts will be able to clip their nails, trim their fur as needed, plus rid them of any mats that form in their coat. Smaller dogs can be harder to groom, so if you are leery, it’s better to get help instead of letting them be uncomfortable.

Health and Conditions ❤️

All dogs can develop illnesses in one form or another. Unfortunately, purebred canines tend to have more serious health concerns than designer breeds or mixed pups. That being said, the Black Pomeranian tends to be a healthy pooch. Of course, anything their parents were predisposed to could affect them. Not to mention, outside lifestyle factors that can affect their health.

Minor Conditions
  • Obesity
  • Eye problems
  • Ear infections
  • Dental issues
  • Allergies
Serious Conditions
  • Luxating patella
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Collapsed trachea
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Seizures
  • Alopecia X

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Final Thoughts

The Black Pomeranian is a highly intelligent, playful, loving, and protective dog. They do great with families that have children over 10, yet they can also thrive as a single companion. This small pooch makes a great guard dog and will do their best to protect you. The Pom picks up quickly on tricks and games, plus they love to make you laugh.

If you would like to adopt one of these little characters, make sure you keep an eye on them while they are outside, and be careful not to let them hurt themselves inside. You want to get them regular check-ups with your vet and provide them with a lot of mental stimulation, love, and affection. If all of those things sound good and doable, the Black Pom will make a great fur baby for you!

We hope you enjoyed this review of the Black Pomeranian. We like to provide pet-parents with complete guides to the breed of their choosing, so check back often for our next overview!

Featured Image: Lisjatina, Shutterstock

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