When it comes to different dog breeds, few countries have as many native breeds as Germany. This country is home to many different breeds ranging from gentle giants to fierce Spitzes and some of the hardest working dogs ever seen.
Let’s take a closer look at several of these breeds and what makes each of them special!
The 34 German Dog Breeds (with Pictures)
1. Affenpinscher Dog
This toy breed is also known as the Monkey Terrier. It’s got a jovial demeanor and lovable personality, but when it comes to rodents, it’s a stone-cold killer.
Commonly known as the Sausage Dog, Dachshunds are a very popular dog breed. Due to their long tubular shapes, they were originally bred to hunt down badgers and other burrowing vermin.
3. German Spitz
This breed is actually one of the oldest dog breeds that originated from Europe. While loyal and attentive to their owners, German Spitzes often show distrust to strangers and other pets.
4. German Shorthaired Pointer
This mottled pup is an absolutely wonderful family dog — for active families that is. They just adore having their room to run! German Shorthaired Pointers are exceptionally intelligent and fairly easy to train.
5. German Longhaired Pointer
The German Longhaired Pointer is actually an offshoot of the Spaniel group. It’s also one of the few gun dog breeds for which black is not an acceptable color as per AKC breed standards.
6. German Wirehaired Pointer
If you’re looking for the ultimate gun dog, you may want to look into the German Wirehaired Pointer. This griffon-type breed is extremely smart and trainable with amazing pointing and retrieving skills.
7. Small Munsterlander Pointer
The Small Munsterlander Pointer is named after its home region of Munster, Germany. They bear a striking similarity to the German Shorthaired Pointer in terms of color but have a much longer coat.
8. Pudelpointer Dog
This hybrid was designed to be a hypoallergenic and genetically ideal cross between the Poodle and English Pointer. What emerged is a loving family dog with the ability to work and hunt.
9. Great Dane
The Great Dane is among the tallest dog breeds in the world. As a matter of fact, the tallest dog ever on record is a Great Dane named Zeus who measured 44 inches to the withers.
10. Doberman Pinscher
The Doberman Pinscher is the definition of a pure guard dog. They’re considered to be one of the most intelligent dog breeds around and are fearless. Those attributes, coupled with their extreme trainability, make them the prime choice for militaries and police forces around the world.
The Schnauzer was originally bred to be an all-around farm dog in the German countryside. They often have personalities just as prominent as their facial features (mustache, brow, and beard) and can be quite stubborn at times. Nonetheless, they are loving and affectionate family companions.
The word Lowchen literally translates into “Little Lion”. And after one glance, it’s easy to see how this breed got its name. This small dog breed was bred to be a companion dog, and that’s a role that they still fulfill to this day.
Originally known as Rottweiler Metzgerhund (or Rottweil butchers’ dogs), these dogs were used to pull meat wagons to market and herd livestock. They’re gentle giants when it comes to their families and deeply protective when the need arises.
14. German Shepherd
The German Shepherd is among the world’s most popular breeds for its high intelligence and working capabilities. You’ll find these pups in just about every security agency worldwide, but they’re still obedient and gentle enough to make great family dogs.
These tiny Spitz-dogs hail from the northeastern Germany—northwestern Poland region of Pomerania. The Pomeranian is a spitting image of the much larger German Spitz. But despite their size, they often have larger than life personalities.
Often depicted with trimmed frou-frou hairstyles and pom-poms, the Poodle is actually originally a German hunting dog breed. There’s still controversy as to the exact origins of the breed — whether it hails from Germany or France. But one thing is certain, they’re among the most intelligent dog breeds and make for great family dogs.
The lovable, oafish Boxer is among the most misunderstood breeds around. Due to its size and squared off features, they are commonly mistaken for being mean, aggressive dogs, which any Boxer owner can tell you is simply not true.
18. American Eskimo Dog
Despite its namesake, the American Eskimo Dog is actually from Germany! It’s directly related to the German Spitz and bears a very striking resemblance. However, due to anti-German sentiment following World War I, the breed was renamed to the American Eskimo Dog and has been called that ever since.
19. Bavarian Mountain Hound
This scenthound is actually a hybrid dog between the Bavarian Hound and the Hanover Hound. They’ve been bred since the early 20th century in Germany to help track wounded game. The breed is now recognized as its own pure breed.
20. Eurasier Dog
The Eurasier is another type of German spitz dog, but instead of having a silky, white coat, they’re known for their thick, rugged exteriors. They develop deep personal bonds with their families, assimilating each individual as a pack member.
21. Elo Dog
Elo Dogs are a relatively new, unique crossbreed between the Samoyed, Eurasier, and Old English Sheepdog. This breed originally came about as breeders were trying to create the perfect dog based on personality traits alone — not physical appearances.
22. German Pinscher
German Pinschers are a true dog lover’s delight. They’re muscular, agile, playful, and elegant. Despite what you may believe, the German Pinscher is not a full-sized version of the Miniature Pinscher. In fact, the Min Pin was one of the breeds originally used to create this breed.
23. German Spaniel
Also known as the Deutscher Wachtelhund — or German Quail Dig — this pup was designed in the late 1800s as a quail hunting companion. But don’t let this breed’s hunting background define them. They make for great family dogs as well!
24. Hanoverian Scenthound
This scenthound is one of the rarest of all scenthounds, descending directly from medieval bloodhounds. They were only introduced outside of their native Hanover to France in the 1980s.
The Hovawart can be looked at as the German Golden Retriever. They’re of similar build, size, and temperament. However, this breed is much older than the Golden. Their history dates back to the 15th century where they were used to help track criminals.
Jagdterriers — or German Hunt Terriers — were originally bred as flushing and hunting dogs, rooting out small vermin or wildfowl from thick brush. They’re an extremely tenacious breed and love nothing more than accepting a challenge head-on.
The Kromfohrlander was bred for one purpose — to be the ultimate companion dog. And they definitely are! Docile and kind-hearted by nature, this easily trainable pup is loving to just about everybody they meet. Needless to say, they don’t make for the best guard dogs.
28. Leonberger Dog
This breed is one of the gentle German giants, reaching up to 165 pounds in weight. This large German dog breed was actually once bred as a symbolic dog that would mimic the lion on its hometown’s (Leonberg in Baden-Wurttemberg) coat of arms.
If you’ve ever encountered a Weimaraner, you know just how hauntingly beautiful this breed is. Often referred to as “Gray Ghosts”, the Weimaraner was once used by royalty and nobility to track and hunt large game such as wild boar, deer, and bear.
The Bullenbeisser is a now extinct dog breed that was the ancestor to the modern-day Boxer. These dogs were actually bred out of existence through the creation of this more modern breed.
31. Westphalian Dachsbracke
These are rather unique little hounds. They’re actually scenthounds but have long tubular bodies similar to the Dachshund. Like their Dachshund cousins, they were used to root out badgers and other burrowing animals.
32. Harlequin Pinscher
Harlequin Pinschers are a type of Miniature Pinscher developed to hunt down and exterminate rats and mice. They get their name from their unique spotted and merle coats.
33. Landseer Dog
This pup has a conflicting origin story with Germany, Canada, and Switzerland all clambering to be this pup’s home of origin. Nevertheless, it’s one of those gentle giants that’ll quickly become an overgrown lapdog if given the opportunity.
34. Saarloos Wolfdog
The Saarloos Wolfdog is an official wolf-dog breed due to its original cross between the German Shepherd and Eurasian Grey Wolf. They’re very energetic and independent pups. Despite their good nature, they can still require a license to be owned in certain countries and regions due to their wolf ancestry.
Conclusion: German Dog Breeds
As you can see, Germany is home to a wide variety of pups. And these are just their most well-known! There are a bunch of other less known breeds out there. This country’s canines run the full spectrum of dog types, from ferocious hunters to little lap dogs. We hope you find one that makes its way into your home and your heart!
Featured Image Credit: AnjaGh, Pixabay