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Puli: Info, Pictures, Characteristics & Facts

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By Nicole Cosgrove


Height: 14 – 18 inches
Weight: 22 – 33 pounds
Lifespan: 12 – 16 years
Colors: White, black, brindle, cream, silver, brown
Suitable for: Watchdog, family pet, companionship
Temperament: Loyal, intelligent, agile

The Puli is a compact dog covered with profuse hair naturally occurring in cords that give it its shaggy appearance. It likes to work closely with humans and is a quick learner. The cords are dense and weatherproof and require a lot of attention.

The Puli is known as the acrobat of the dog world. It is a compact square shape and stands around 17 inches tall. Its head is proportionate to its body and it has almond-shaped eyes that are deep-set and large. It has large floppy ears and a short tucked-up tail. Only solid-colored dogs are permitted to compete, but they are allowed a small white spot on their chest.

Divider 1Puli Puppies

puli puppy outdoor
Image Credit: bodzazsuzsa, Pixabay

The Puli is not a common breed, so be ready to be put on a waiting list. If you are put on a waiting list, you can expect to pay more. A competition-quality dog and breeding rights will also cost more than a regular puppy, and any special tests the breeder does that look for genetic abnormalities may also increase the cost of the dog. In some cases, you can find this breed at the local shelter at a significant discount, and though they may be older they are usually quite grateful and will provide you with extra affection.

The Puli tends to be a loyal and loving dog that makes an excellent pet for families or individuals looking for a watchdog. Be ready for an adventure of a lifetime when you welcome a Puli into your home.

3 Little-Known Facts About the Puli

1. The Puli coat is unique to the dog world and features a dense, woolly undercoat with a long corded outer coat.

2. The Puli has been herding sheep in Hungary for over 1,000 years.

3. The Puli Almost went extinct in the 17th century but was brought back in the early 1900s by a devoted breeder named Emil Raitsits.

tiny puli puppy

Divider 2

Temperament & Intelligence of the Puli 🧠

The Puli is often compared to a bouncing spring because they are extremely lively and energetic. They can change direction quickly and jump over tall fences from a standstill. They keep their high energy level well into their teens and they also have a strong opinion that they don’t mind sharing with their owners. They have sharp eyesight and fantastic hearing and love to play watchdog. However, their herding instincts can cause them to nip and even buy it at a stranger so early socialization is required to keep everyone safe.

Are These Dogs Good for Families? 🏡

The Puli is a fantastic family dog that takes its responsibilities very seriously. It likes playing watchdog and will keep your house safe, but it also likes hanging out with the family and playing games. Simple is demonstrate a dominant personality and will require an experienced owner to manage them. They can be demanding and even manipulative at times and they won’t tolerate harsh handling.

Does This Breed Get Along with Other Pets? 🐶 😽

The Puli Will often struggle to get along with other pets because they may bossy and territorial toward other animals, especially smaller animals like rodents and birds. Early socialization work behavioral puppy classes may help cut down the risk to other pets.

Divider 4Things to Know When Owning a Puli

Let’s discuss a few things you should consider before purchasing a Puli for your home.

Black Dog Breed
Image Credit By: dog_puli, pixabay

Food and Diet Requirements 🦴

The Puli is an active dog so it requires a high quality, high protein diet. Make sure the brand you choose has a whole meat like chicken, beef, or turkey listed as its main ingredient. It should also contain real fruits and vegetables as well as fish oil or flaxseed to provide omega fats. It’s important to avoid overfeeding because obesity can lead to several health problems, including dental disease.

Daily Exercise Requirements 🐕

The Puli is a very active dog that requires quite a bit of exercise. You will need to provide your pet with plenty of mental and physical activity each day to keep them happy, healthy, and fit. We recommend 30 minutes of brisk walking or playing Frisbee each day.

Training 🦮

The Puli Is more than capable of learning amazing tricks and following complex commands. However, they are very stubborn and strong willed and will require a lot of patience and positive reinforcement keep them focused on the training session. Holding your sessions at the same time each day will help get them on a schedule while treats can keep them focused. Keep the session short, only four 5 or 10 minutes is perfect to prevent them from getting bored and pursuing other interests.

Grooming ✂️

The Puli breed will require very little maintenance for the first year until the second coat begins to develop. Once this process begins, you will need to separate the cords manually with your fingers frequently to keep them from getting tangled. Once the cords are in place, occasional bathing and cord separation is all that is required. You will also need to clean and dry your pet’s ears frequently to reduce the risk of infection and trim the nails about once a month, or when you hear them clicking on the floor.

Health and Conditions ❤️

The Puli is considered a healthy dog with a long lifespan, but like most purebreds, it’s prone to a few genetically transmitted health risks.

Minor Conditions
  • Deafness – Deafness Can occur in one or both ears, and it can occur at birth, or as the result of trauma or infection. Unfortunately, there is no treatment, though dogs that don’t suffer complete hair loss may be helped with electronic hearing aids. The most common symptom of hearing loss is a failure to respond when you call them or difficulty waking them from sleep. If your pet cannot hear it’s more likely to be easily startled and may even become aggressive.
  • Dental Decay – Over 80% of dogs above the age of three have dental disease making it the most common disease to affect dogs. There are not many symptoms of the disease so you need to stay vigilant about cleaning your pets teeth. Periodontal disease is the most common type dental disease seen in dogs. It is an infection that causes inflammation of the periodontal tissue that surrounds the tooth and once damage occurs, it cannot be reversed. A diet of dry kibble and frequent brushing with the dog safe toothpaste is the best way to reduce the risk of dental decay
Serious Conditions
  • Hip Dysplasia- Hip dysplasia usually affects large and giant breeds, but it can affect smaller breeds too including the Puli. It’s a deformity of the hip joint that occurs while your puppy is growing. The ball and socket grow at different rates with this condition causing a looseness of the joint that can lead to deterioration of the bone and muscle. It often progresses to osteoarthritis and degenerative joint disease. Symptoms of the disease can often be relieved through medication, weight loss, or surgery.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy – Progressive retinal atrophy is a condition that affects the eyes of your Puli. This condition affects the photo receptors in your dog’s eyes and causes the deterioration of the rods and cones responsible for detecting light. Progressive retinal atrophy is not painful but it can result in blindness, and symptoms include eyes that look more reflective than usual. Your dog may also bump into objects in low-light conditions or be afraid of going into dark rooms. It usually takes one to two years for the condition to progress to complete blindness and there is currently no treatment available.

Divider 5Male vs Female

The male Puli is slightly larger than the female and tends to be more stable in mood. However, they can also be a little more bold and aggressive. The female Puli is generally more affectionate and can prefer alone time when they are down. They are also more opinionated and sassy.

Divider 3Final Thoughts

The Puli makes a great family pet and its high activity level is fun for the children. It doesn’t like its long cords pulled so it’s not great to have around toddlers and its hurting nature will cause it to chase after any small animals so it’s not the best choice if you have other pets. However, they make great watchdogs and can accompany you jogging or hiking. They love games and their attempts to control you can be quite amusing. They have few health problems and a long lifespan so they will provide you with many years of great companionship.

We hope you have enjoyed reading over this look into the Puli purebred and have found your next pet. If you or someone else you know is interested in this unique-looking dog, please share this complete guide to the Puli on Facebook and Twitter.

Featured Image Credit: kidsnewshu, Pixabay

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